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Is COVID-19 the same as SARS-CoV-2?

The current outbreak stemming from China is associated with a beta coronavirus.  At the beginning of the pandemic it was given the name of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19),1

Later, Coronaviridae (CSG) study group of virus taxonomy, who is responsible for the development and classification of the viruses and the taxonomic nomenclature of the Coronaviridae family has evaluated the placing of this human pathogen within the Coronaviridae family, with a tentative name of 2019-nCoV.

The CSG recognizes this virus as a brother of the prototype coronavirus that affect humans and that produce acute severe respiratory syndromes (SARS-COVs), and based on this names it SARS-CoV-2. 2

  1. Sun J, He W-T, Wang L, Lai A, Ji X, Zhai X, et al. COVID-19: Epidemiology, Evolution, and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. Trends in Molecular Medicine 2020. doi:10.1016/j.molmed.2020.02.008.
  2. Gorbalenya, AE, Baker, SC, Baric, RS et al. The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2. Nature Microbiology 2020;5:536–44. doi:10.1038/s41564-020-0695-z.