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What are my chances of getting COVID-19 and how can I avoid it?

Every person is at risk of contagion, the possibility of contagion depends on the means of propagation (contagion) of the disease, which according to medical literature, the main mechanism is near contact with an infected person and is transmitted through droplets of breath and contact with contaminated material or “formites” (objects which the contaiged person has touched).1,2

The WHO (World Health Organization) recommends interventions for the control of infections to reduce the general risk of transmission of acute respiratory diseases, including:2

  • Avoid near contact with people who suffer acute respiratory infections.2
  • Frequently washing hands, especially after direct contact with sick people or their surroundings. Avoid contact with wild farm animals without protection.2

People with acute respiratory symptoms should practice airways protection for cough, which entail keeping one’s distance, covering their mouths with the inner part of the arm and elbow when sneezing and use a kleenex or their own clothes.2

  1. Hui DS, Zumla A. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 2019;33:869–89. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2019.07.001.
  2. Lai C-C, Shih T-P, Ko W-C, Tang H-J, Hsueh P-R. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the challenges. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 2020;55:105924. doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105924.