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Who is more likely to die from COVID-19, are there indicators?

Grave patients who are considerably older (average age 66 years) and were more propense to have diseases, including hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, cardiovascular disease (heart disease) and cerebrovascular disease.1

The factors or a negative prognostic associated to death in patients with infection by coronavirus were:2

  • Old age.2
  • High viral count (presence of the virus in the organism) in diagnostic samples in blood or airway.2
  • Comorbidities (previous diseases that the COVID-19 patient has such as cronic hepatitis B and Mellitus Diabetes.2

Altered laboratory markers (high dehydrogenase, high count of white blood cells (neutrophils), low count of lymphocytes  (CD4 and CD8 ).2

References:
  1. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J, et al. Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. Jama 2020;323:1061. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1585.
  2. Hui DS, Zumla A. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 2019;33:869–89. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2019.07.001.